Corded Ware culture

Corded Ware culture
Geographical rangeEurope
Datesc. 3000 BC – c. 2350 BC
Major sitesBronocice
Preceded byYamnaya culture, Cucuteni-Trypillia culture, Globular Amphora culture, Funnelbeaker culture, Baden culture, Horgen culture, Volosovo culture, Narva culture, Pit–Comb Ware culture, Pitted Ware culture
Followed byBell Beaker culture, Fatyanovo–Balanovo culture, Abashevo culture, Sintashta culture, Mierzanowice culture,[1] Unetice culture, Nordic Bronze Age, Komarov culture

The Corded Ware culture comprises a broad archaeological horizon of Europe between c. 3000 BC – 2350 BC, thus from the late Neolithic, through the Copper Age, and ending in the early Bronze Age.[2] Corded Ware culture encompassed a vast area, from the contact zone between the Yamnaya culture and the Corded Ware culture in south Central Europe, to the Rhine on the west and the Volga in the east, occupying parts of Northern Europe, Central Europe and Eastern Europe.[2][3] Early autosomal genetic studies suggested that the Corded Ware culture originated from the westward migration of Yamnaya-related people from the steppe-forest zone into the territory of late Neolithic European cultures;[4][5][6] however, paternal DNA evidence fails to support this hypothesis, and it is now proposed that the Corded Ware culture evolved in parallel with (although under significant influence from) the Yamnaya, with no evidence of direct male-line descent between them.[7]

The Corded Ware culture is considered to be a likely vector for the spread of many of the Indo-European languages in Europe and Asia.[1][8][9][10]

  1. ^ a b Allentoft 2015.
  2. ^ a b Beckerman, Sandra Mariët (2015). Corded Ware Coastal Communities: Using ceramic analysis to reconstruct third millennium BC societies in the Netherlands. Leiden: Sidestone Press.
  3. ^ Cite error: The named reference Nordqvist_Heyd_2020 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  4. ^ Kristiansen, Kristian; Allentoft, Morten E.; Frei, Karin M.; Iversen, Rune; Johannsen, Niels N.; Kroonen, Guus; Pospieszny, Łukasz; Price, T. Douglas; Rasmussen, Simon; Sjögren, Karl-Göran; Sikora, Martin (2017). "Re-theorising mobility and the formation of culture and language among the Corded Ware Culture in Europe". Antiquity. 91 (356): 334–347. doi:10.15184/aqy.2017.17. hdl:1887/70150. ISSN 0003-598X. S2CID 15536709.
  5. ^ Malmström, Helena; Günther, Torsten; Svensson, Emma M.; Juras, Anna; Fraser, Magdalena; Munters, Arielle R.; Pospieszny, Łukasz; Tõrv, Mari; Lindström, Jonathan; Götherström, Anders; Storå, Jan (9 October 2019). "The genomic ancestry of the Scandinavian Battle Axe Culture people and their relation to the broader Corded Ware horizon". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 286 (1912): 20191528. doi:10.1098/rspb.2019.1528. PMC 6790770. PMID 31594508.
  6. ^ Papac et al. 2021.
  7. ^ Cite error: The named reference Kristiansen2023 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  8. ^ Haak et al. 2015.
  9. ^ Kristiansen, Kristian (30 November 2011), "The Bronze Age expansion of Indo-European languages", Becoming European, Oxbow Books, pp. 165–182, doi:10.2307/j.ctvh1dq3m.18, retrieved 26 January 2022
  10. ^ Narasimhan 2019.