Austin, Texas

Austin, Texas
City of Austin
Official seal of Austin, Texas
Nicknames: 
Live Music Capital of the World, Silicon Hills, ATX, City of the Violet Crown
Motto(s): 
Keep Austin Weird (unofficial)
Location within Travis County in Texas
Location within Travis County in Texas
Austin is located in Texas
Austin
Austin
Location within Texas
Austin is located in the United States
Austin
Austin
Location within the United States
Austin is located in North America
Austin
Austin
Location within North America
Coordinates: 30°16′2″N 97°44′35″W / 30.26722°N 97.74306°W / 30.26722; -97.74306Coordinates: 30°16′2″N 97°44′35″W / 30.26722°N 97.74306°W / 30.26722; -97.74306
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountiesTravis, Hays, Williamson
Settled1835
IncorporatedDecember 27, 1839
Named forStephen F. Austin
Government
 • TypeCouncil–manager
 • MayorSteve Adler (D)[1][a]
 • City Council
Members
  • Natasha Harper-Madison (D)
  • Vanessa Fuentes (D)
  • Sabino "Pio" Renteria (D)
  • Greg Casar (D)
  • Ann Kitchen (D)
  • Mackenzie Kelly (R)
  • Leslie Pool (D)
  • Paige Ellis (D)
  • Kathie Tovo (D)
  • Alison Alter (D)
 • City managerSpencer Cronk[1]
Area
 • State capital city326.51 sq mi (845.66 km2)
 • Land319.94 sq mi (828.64 km2)
 • Water6.57 sq mi (17.02 km2)
 • Metro
4,285.70 sq mi (11,099.91 km2)
Elevation
289–1,450 ft (88–405 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • State capital city961,855
 • Rank11th in the United States
4th in Texas
 • Density3,006.36/sq mi (1,160.76/km2)
 • Metro2,283,371 (28th)
Demonym(s)Austinite
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP Codes
78701–78705, 78708–78739, 78741–78742, 78744–78769
Area codes512 & 737
FIPS code48-05000[4]
GNIS feature ID1384879[5]
Primary AirportAustin–Bergstrom International Airport
InterstatesI-35 (TX).svg
U.S. RouteUS 183.svg US 290.svg
Commuter RailCapital MetroRail
Websiteaustintexas.gov

Austin is the capital city of the U.S. state of Texas, as well as the seat and largest city of Travis County, with portions extending into Hays and Williamson counties. Incorporated on December 27, 1839, it is the 11th-most populous city in the United States,[6] the fourth-most-populous city in Texas, the second-most-populous state capital city after Phoenix, Arizona,[7][8] and the most populous state capital that is not also the most populous city in its state.[7] It has been one of the fastest growing large cities in the United States since 2010.[9][10][11] The Greater Austin and Greater San Antonio areas are separated from each other by approximately 80 miles (129 km) along Interstate 35. It is anticipated that both regions may form a new metroplex similar to Dallas and Fort Worth.[12][13] Austin is the southernmost state capital in the contiguous United States and is considered a "Beta −" global city as categorized by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network.[14]

As of the 2020 census, Austin had a population of 961,855,[15] up from 790,491 at the 2010 census.[4] The city is the cultural and economic center of the Austin–Round Rock metropolitan statistical area, which had an estimated population of 2,295,303 as of July 1, 2020, roughly 84% increase from the year 2000.[16] Located in Central Texas within the greater Texas Hill Country, it is home to numerous lakes, rivers, and waterways, including Lady Bird Lake and Lake Travis on the Colorado River, Barton Springs, McKinney Falls, and Lake Walter E. Long.

Residents of Austin are known as Austinites.[17] They include a diverse mix of government employees, college students, musicians, high-tech workers, digital marketers, and blue-collar workers. The city's official slogan promotes Austin as "The Live Music Capital of the World", a reference to the city's many musicians and live music venues, as well as the long-running PBS TV concert series Austin City Limits.[18][19] The city also adopted "Silicon Hills" as a nickname in the 1990s due to a rapid influx of technology and development companies. In recent years, some Austinites have adopted the unofficial slogan "Keep Austin Weird",[20] which refers to the desire to protect small, unique, and local businesses from being overrun by large corporations.[21] Since the late 19th century, Austin has also been known as the "City of the Violet Crown", because of the colorful glow of light across the hills just after sunset.[22]

In 1987, Austin originated and remains the site for South by Southwest (stylized as SXSW and colloquially referred to as South By), an annual conglomeration of parallel film, interactive media, and music festivals and conferences that take place in mid-March.

Emerging from a strong economic focus on government and education, since the 1990s, Austin has become a center for technology and business.[23][24] A number of Fortune 500 companies have headquarters or regional offices in Austin, including 3M, Advanced Micro Devices (AMD), Amazon, Apple, Facebook (Meta), Google, IBM, Intel, NXP semiconductors, Oracle, Tesla, Texas Instruments, and Whole Foods Market. Dell's worldwide headquarters is located in the nearby suburb of Round Rock.[25] With regard to education, Austin is the home of the University of Texas at Austin, which is one of the largest universities in the U.S. and is attended by over 50,000 students.[26]

  1. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference CityGovernment was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  2. ^ Cite error: The named reference 2019 Gazetteer was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  3. ^ Cite error: The named reference 2020Pop was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  4. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference Census 2010 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  5. ^ Cite error: The named reference GNIS was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  6. ^ Cite error: The named reference Statesman Prop A 2020 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  7. ^ a b "Top 50 Cities in the U.S. by Population and Rank". Infoplease. Retrieved January 27, 2014.
  8. ^ "City of Austin - Austin History Center: When was Austin founded?". Austin Public Library.
  9. ^ Weissmann, Jordan (May 21, 2015). "Population growth in U.S. cities: Austin is blowing away the competition". Slate.
  10. ^ "America's Fastest Growing Cities 2016". Forbes. January 14, 2017.
  11. ^ "Southern and Western Regions Experienced Rapid Growth This Decade". United States Census Bureau. May 21, 2020. Retrieved April 28, 2021.
  12. ^ "SLOWED, BUT NOT STOPPED: Austin, San Antonio and areas between to become a metroplex". www.bizjournals.com. Retrieved November 14, 2021.
  13. ^ "America's next Great Metropolis is Taking shape in Texas". www.forbes.com. Retrieved November 14, 2021.
  14. ^ "The World According to GaWC 2020". lboro.ac.uk. Globalization and World Cities Research Network. Retrieved November 14, 2021.
  15. ^ "QuickFacts: Austin city, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 20, 2021.
  16. ^ Cite error: The named reference Castillo 2013 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  17. ^ Cite error: The named reference Long 2010 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  18. ^ Cite error: The named reference motto was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  19. ^ Cite error: The named reference atx_motto was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  20. ^ "MetroSeeker.com". MetroSeeker.com. Archived from the original on November 20, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2011.
  21. ^ Cite error: The named reference weird was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  22. ^ "Just what is a violet crown?". Retrieved August 19, 2016.
  23. ^ "Brief History of Austin". Austin Public Library.
  24. ^ Cite error: The named reference austin history was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  25. ^ Canales, Katie (July 6, 2019). "Silicon Valley tech talent is flocking to Austin, Texas, trading sky-high rent costs for live music and a newer tech scene — here's what it's like in 'Silicon Hills'". Business Insider. Retrieved January 15, 2020.
  26. ^ "University of Texas at Austin". U.S. News and World Report - Best Colleges Ranking.


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