Fox News

Fox News Channel
Fox News Channel logo.svg
CountryUnited States
Broadcast areaUnited States
SloganMost Watched. Most Trusted.
Standing Up For What's Right
Picture format720p HDTV
(downscaled to letterboxed 480i (or 16:9 for some countries) for the SDTV feed)
OwnerFox Corporation
ParentFox News Media
Sister channelsFox Business Network
Fox Broadcasting Company
LaunchedOctober 7, 1996 (1996-10-07)[1]
WebcastFox News Go (Pay-TV subscribers only)
Available on most U.S. providersChannel slots vary on each operator
Izzi Telecom(Mexico)817[2]
DirecTVChannel 360 (SD/HD)
Dish NetworkChannel 205 (SD/HD)
Bell Satellite TV (Canada)Channel 507
Shaw Direct (Canada)Channel 154
Channel 503
Verizon FiOSChannel 118 (SD)
Channel 618 (HD)
Bell Fibe TV (Canada)Channel 507
VMedia (Canada)Channel 181
Optik TV (Canada)Channel 811 (HD; East)
Channel 9811 (SD; West)
Satellite radio
SiriusChannel 114
XMChannel 115

Fox News, officially Fox News Channel, abbreviated FNC, commonly known as Fox, and stylized in all caps as FOX News, is an American multinational conservative[3][4][5][6] cable news television channel based in New York City. It is owned by Fox News Media, which itself is owned by the Fox Corporation.[7] The channel broadcasts primarily from studios at 1211 Avenue of the Americas in Midtown Manhattan. Fox News provides service to 86 countries and overseas territories worldwide,[8] with international broadcasts featuring Fox Extra segments during ad breaks.[9]

The channel was created by Australian-American media mogul Rupert Murdoch to appeal to a conservative audience, hiring former Republican media consultant and CNBC executive Roger Ailes as its founding CEO.[10][11] It launched on October 7, 1996, to 17 million cable subscribers.[12] Fox News grew during the late 1990s and 2000s to become the dominant subscription news network in the U.S.[13] As of September 2018, approximately 87,118,000 U.S. households (90.8% of television subscribers) received Fox News.[14] In 2019, Fox News was the top-rated cable network, averaging 2.5 million viewers.[15][16][17] Murdoch is the current executive chairman and Suzanne Scott is the CEO.[18][19]

Fox News has been described as practicing biased reporting in favor of the Republican Party, its politicians, and conservative causes while portraying the Democratic Party in a negative light.[25] Critics have cited the channel as detrimental to the integrity of news overall.[26][27] Fox News' official position is that its news reporting operates independently of its opinion and commentary programming, and it has denied bias in its news reporting, although former employees have stated that Fox ordered them to "slant the news in favor of conservatives".[28][29] During the presidency of Donald Trump, observers said there was a pronounced tendency of the Fox News Channel to serve as a "mouthpiece" for the administration, providing "propaganda" and a "feedback loop" for Trump, with scholars suggesting that the channel came to resemble a form of state TV.[30][31]

  1. ^ "Corporate Information". Fox News Network, LLC. Retrieved July 11, 2020.
  2. ^
  3. ^ DellaVigna, Stefano; Kaplan, Ethan (August 1, 2007). "The Fox News Effect: Media Bias and Voting". The Quarterly Journal of Economics. 122 (3): 1187–1234. CiteSeerX doi:10.1162/qjec.122.3.1187. ISSN 0033-5533. S2CID 16610755.
  4. ^ Nie, Norman H.; Miller, Darwin W., III; Golde, Saar; Butler, Daniel M.; Winneg, Kenneth (2010). "The World Wide Web and the U.S. Political News Market". American Journal of Political Science. 54 (2): 428–439. doi:10.1111/j.1540-5907.2010.00439.x. ISSN 1540-5907.
  5. ^ Meyers, Christopher (July 2, 2020). "Partisan News, the Myth of Objectivity, and the Standards of Responsible Journalism". Journal of Media Ethics. 35 (3): 180–194. doi:10.1080/23736992.2020.1780131. ISSN 2373-6992. S2CID 221538960.
  6. ^ Shor, Eran (2019). "Political Leaning and Coverage Sentiment: Are Conservative Newspapers More Negative Toward Women?". Social Science Quarterly. 100 (1): 307–319. doi:10.1111/ssqu.12563. ISSN 1540-6237.
  7. ^ "Media Relations | Fox News". Retrieved October 1, 2020.
  8. ^ "Where in the World is FOX?". Fox News. March 1, 2011. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  9. ^ "Fox plans to run sponsored stories during ad breaks this fall". FierceVideo. Retrieved September 28, 2020.
  10. ^ Mifflin, Lawrie (October 7, 1996). "At the new Fox News Channel, the buzzword is fairness, separating news from bias". The New York Times. Retrieved May 4, 2010.
  11. ^ Richwine, Lisa; Gibson, Ginger (July 21, 2016). "Divisive Ailes gave conservatives a TV home at Fox News". Reuters. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
  12. ^ Cite error: The named reference King was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  13. ^ Gillette, Felix (October 1, 2008). "Viewers Continuing to Flock to Cable News Networks". The New York Observer. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
  14. ^ Bucholtz, Andrew (September 10, 2018). "Nielsen coverage estimates for September see gains at ESPN networks, NBCSN, and NBA TV, drops at MLBN and NFLN". Awful Announcing. Retrieved January 17, 2020.
  15. ^ Joyella, Mark (December 11, 2019). "Fox News Ends 2019 With Biggest Prime Time Ratings Ever". Forbes. Retrieved January 16, 2020.
  16. ^ Andreeva, Nellie; Johnson, Ted (December 27, 2019). "Cable Ratings 2019: Fox News Tops Total Viewers, ESPN Wins 18–49 Demo As Entertainment Networks Slide". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved January 16, 2020.
  17. ^ Schneider, Michael (December 26, 2019). "Most-Watched Television Networks: Ranking 2019's Winners and Losers". Variety. Retrieved January 16, 2020.
  18. ^ Steinberg, Brian (May 17, 2018). "Suzanne Scott Named CEO of Fox News". Variety. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
  19. ^ Reilly, Katie (July 21, 2016). "Roger Ailes Resigns From Fox News Amid Sexual Harassment Accusations". Time. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
    Redden, Molly (July 21, 2016). "Roger Ailes leaves Fox News in wake of sexual harassment claims". The Guardian. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
  20. ^ Skocpol, Theda; Williamson, Vanessa (September 1, 2016). The Tea Party and the Remaking of Republican Conservatism. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 5, 8, 86, 123, 125, 130–140. ISBN 978-0-19063-366-0. the challenge of spreading and germinating the Tea Party idea was surmounted with impressive ease because a major sector of the U.S. media today is openly partisan—including Fox News Channel, the right-wing "blogosphere," and a nationwide network of right- wing talk radio programs. This aptly named conservative media "echo chamber" reaches into the homes of many Americans ... Towering above all others is the Fox News empire, the loudest voice in conservative media. Despite its claim to be "fair and balanced," multiple studies have documented FNC's conservative stance ... Fox News's conservative slant encourages a particular worldview.
  21. ^ Jamieson, Kathleen Hall; Cappella, Joseph N. (February 4, 2010). Echo Chamber: Rush Limbaugh and the Conservative Media Establishment. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19539-860-1. We do this to illustrate the ways Fox News, Limbaugh, and the print and web editorial pages of the Wall Street Journal play both offense and defense in service of conservative objectives. As these case studies will suggest, the big three reinforce each other's conservative messages in ways that distinguish them from the other major broadcast media, CBS News, NBC News, ABC News, CNN, MSNBC, CNBC and major print outlets such as the Washington Post and New York Times.
  22. ^ Grossman, Matt; Hopkins, David A. (October 13, 2016). Asymmetric Politics: Ideological Republicans and Group Interest Democrats. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press. p. 175. ISBN 978-0-19062-660-0.
  23. ^ Cite error: The named reference :34 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  24. ^ "Propaganda, Persuasion, or Journalism?: Fox News' Prime-Time Coverage of Health-Care Reform in 2009 and 2014". doi:10.1177/1931243117710278. S2CID 148586375.
  25. ^ [20][21][22][23][24]
  26. ^ Collings, Anthony (2010). Capturing the News: Three Decades of Reporting Crisis and Conflict. University of Missouri Press. p. 166. ISBN 978-0-8262-7211-9.
  27. ^ McCollum, Jonathan; Hebert, David G. (2014). Theory and Method in Historical Ethnomusicology. Lexington Books. p. 95. ISBN 978-1-4985-0705-9.
  28. ^ Memmott, Mark (September 1, 2004). "Fox newspeople say allegations of bias unfounded". USA Today. Archived from the original on November 23, 2010. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
  29. ^ "White House Escalates War of Words With Fox News". Fox News. October 12, 2009. Archived from the original on October 17, 2009. Retrieved March 17, 2021.
  30. ^ Mayer, Jane (March 4, 2019). "The Making of the Fox News White House". The New Yorker. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
  31. ^ Boot, Max (August 8, 2017). "Fox News Has Completed Its Transformation Into Trump TV". Foreign Policy. Retrieved October 17, 2019.