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Elephanta Caves

show syncretism of Hindu and Buddhist ideas and iconography. The caves are hewn from solid basalt rock. Except for a few exceptions, much of the artwork...

Last Update: 2024-03-12T14:25:22Z Word Count : 9954 Synonim Elephanta Caves

Lovecraft Country

Essex County of Massachusetts. Just as Arkham County is fictitious, Matt Ruff places some of the events of his book in the equally fictitious Devon County...

Last Update: 2024-03-22T14:41:13Z Word Count : 3943 Synonim Lovecraft Country

Inventory of Henry VIII

broken; 60 three-inch iron saker shot; 300 two-inch falcon shot; 40 ready hewn stone shot; powder, bows, bills etc. South Castle at Portsmouth, John Chadderton;...

Last Update: 2024-05-15T22:13:34Z Word Count : 11059 Synonim Inventory of Henry VIII

Ricketts Glen State Park

for greater safety, footbridges with handrails replaced those made from hewn logs, overhanging rock ledges were removed in places, and the trail was rerouted...

Last Update: 2023-10-22T05:52:11Z Word Count : 11959 Synonim Ricketts Glen State Park

Salt Springs State Park

next to the Wheaton House is built entirely of hemlock timbers with hand hewn beams and sawed posts. It also has a foundation of native stone, built without...

Last Update: 2023-08-03T01:34:07Z Word Count : 1846 Synonim Salt Springs State Park

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Elephanta Caves

The Elephanta Caves are a collection of cave temples predominantly dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva, which have been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. They are on Elephanta Island, or Gharapuri (literally meaning "the city of caves"), in Mumbai Harbour, 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) east of Mumbai in the Indian state of Mahārāshtra. The island, about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) west of the Jawaharlal Nehru Port, consists of five Hindu caves, a few Buddhist stupa mounds that date back to the 2nd century BCE, and two Buddhist caves with water tanks. The Elephanta Caves contain rock-cut stone sculptures, mostly in high relief, that show syncretism of Hindu and Buddhist ideas and iconography. The caves are hewn from solid basalt rock. Except for a few exceptions, much of the artwork is defaced and damaged. The main temple's orientation as well as the relative location of other temples are placed in a mandala pattern. The carvings narrate Hindu mythologies, with the large monolithic 5.45 metres (17.9 ft) Trimurti Sadashiva (three-faced Shiva), Nataraja (Lord of dance) and Yogishvara (Lord of Yogis) being the most celebrated. These date to between the 5th and 9th centuries, and scholars attribute them to various Hindu dynasties. They are most commonly placed between the 5th and 7th centuries. Many scholars consider them to have been completed by about 550 CE. They were named Elefante—which morphed to Elephanta—by the colonial Portuguese who found elephant statues on the caves. They established a base on the island. The main cave (Cave 1, or the Great Cave) was a Hindu place of worship until the Portuguese arrived, whereupon the island ceased to be an active place of worship. The earliest attempts to prevent further damage to the caves were started by British India officials in 1909. The monuments were restored in the 1970s. It is currently maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).


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