God of the sky, lightning, thunder, war, justice and physical realm
WeaponHammer, mace or axe
BattlesBattle of Perun and Veles
SymbolOak, fire, iris
Personal information
ConsortMokosh, Perunika or Dodola
ChildrenJarilo and Morana[1]
Indo-European equivalentPerkwunos
Finnic equivalentUkko or Uku
Baltic equivalentPerkūnas

In Slavic mythology, Perun (Cyrillic: Перýн) is the highest god of the pantheon and the god of sky, thunder, lightning, storms, rain, law, war, fertility and oak trees.[2] His other attributes were fire, mountains, wind, iris, eagle, firmament (in Indo-European languages, this was joined with the notion of the sky of stone[3]), horses and carts, and weapons (hammer, axe (Axe of Perun), and arrow). The supreme god in the Kievan Rus' during the 9th-10th centuries,[4] Perun was first associated with weapons made of stone and later with those of metal.[5][6]

  1. ^ "Perun: Slavic God of Thunder". Meet the Slavs. 2022.
  2. ^ Українська релігієзнавча енциклопедія. "Перун".
  3. ^ Gamkrelidze, Thomas V.; Ivanov, Vjaceslav V. (1995). Indo-European and the Indo-Europeans: A Reconstruction and Historical Analysis of a Proto-Language and a Proto-Culture. Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter. pp. 575. ISBN 3-11-009646-3.
  4. ^ "ПЕРУН". Retrieved 2023-06-28.
  5. ^ Dixon-Kennedy, Mike (1998). Encyclopedia of Russian & Slavic Myth and Legend – Mike Dixon-Kennedy – Google Książki. Bloomsbury Academic. ISBN 9781576070635.
  6. ^ "Perun". Britannica. 24 March 2024.