Lisbon (36831596786) (cropped).jpg
Rua Augusta Arch - April 2019 (cropped).jpg
Lisboa IMG 6805 (20499138133).jpg
Belem Tower - April 2019 (2).jpg
Se Cathedral (34242766515) (cropped).jpg
Parque das Nações Lisboa (cropped).jpg
Mui Nobre e Sempre Leal
"Very Noble and Always Loyal"
Lisbon is located in Portugal
Location within Portugal
Lisbon is located in Europe
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 38°43′31″N 09°09′00″W / 38.72528°N 9.15000°W / 38.72528; -9.15000Coordinates: 38°43′31″N 09°09′00″W / 38.72528°N 9.15000°W / 38.72528; -9.15000
Country Portugal
MetroLisbon metropolitan area
Historic provinceEstremadura
Settlementc. 1200 BCE
Roman Olissipoc. 138 BCE
Moorish rule711 CE
Siege of Lisbon1147 CE
Civil parishes(see text)
 • TypeLAU
 • BodyConcelho/Câmara Municipal
 • MayorCarlos Moedas
 • Municipal chairRosário Farmhouse
 • Capital city100.05 km2 (38.63 sq mi)
 • Urban
1,376 km2 (531 sq mi)
 • Metro
3,015.24 km2 (1,164.19 sq mi)
2 m (7 ft)
 • Capital city544,851[1]
 • Density5,445.7/km2 (14,104/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Metro
Alfacinha (colloquial)
Time zoneUTC (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (WEST)
Postal zone
1149-014 Lisboa
Area code(+351) 21 XXX XXXX
Patron saintVincent of Saragossa and Anthony of Lisbon
Municipal addressPraça do Município, 1
1149-014 Lisboa
Municipal holidays13 June (St. Anthony's Day)

Lisbon (/ˈlɪzbən/; Portuguese: Lisboa [liʒˈboɐ] (listen))[5] is the capital and largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 544,851[1] within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2.[6] Lisbon's urban area extends beyond the city's administrative limits with a population of around 2.7 million people, being the 11th-most populous urban area in the European Union.[4] About 3 million people live in the Lisbon metropolitan area, making it the third largest metropolitan area in the Iberian Peninsula, after Madrid and Barcelona. It represents approximately 27% of the country's population.[3] It is mainland Europe's westernmost capital city and the only one along the Atlantic coast. Lisbon lies in the western Iberian Peninsula on the Atlantic Ocean and the River Tagus. The westernmost portions of its metro area, the Portuguese Riviera, form the westernmost point of Continental Europe, culminating at Cabo da Roca.

Lisbon is recognised as an alpha-level global city because of its importance in finance, commerce, fashion, media, entertainment, arts, international trade, education and tourism.[7] Lisbon is one of two Portuguese cities (alongside Porto) to be recognised as a global city.[8][9] Lisbon is home to three companies in the Global 2000. It is one of the major economic centres in Europe, with a growing financial sector and one of the largest container ports on Europe's Atlantic coast.[10] Additionally, Humberto Delgado Airport served 31 million passengers in 2019, being the busiest airport in Portugal, the third busiest in the Iberian Peninsula and the 20th busiest in Europe.[11] The motorway network and the high-speed rail system of Alfa Pendular link the main cities of Portugal to Lisbon.[12] The city is the ninth-most-visited city in Southern Europe, after Istanbul, Rome, Barcelona, Milan, Athens, Venice, Madrid and Florence with 3,539,400 tourists in 2018.[13] The Lisbon region has a higher GDP PPP per capita than any other region in Portugal. Its GDP amounts to US$110.3 billion and thus $39,434 per capita.[14][15] The city occupies the 40th place of highest gross earnings in the world.[16] Most of the headquarters of multinational corporations in Portugal are located in the Lisbon area.[17] It is also the political centre of the country, as its seat of government and residence of the head of state.

Lisbon is one of the oldest cities in the world[18] and the second-oldest European capital city (after Athens), predating other modern European capitals by centuries.[19] Julius Caesar made it a municipium called Felicitas Julia,[20] adding to the name Olissipo. After the fall of the Roman Empire it was ruled by a series of Germanic tribes from the 5th century; later it was captured by the Moors in the 8th century. In 1147 Afonso Henriques conquered the city and since then it has been the political, economic and cultural centre of Portugal.

  1. ^ a b "Resultados Preliminares Censos 2021 INE". Archived from the original on 26 December 2021. Retrieved 1 September 2021.
  2. ^ "PORDATA – População residente: Total e por grandes grupos etários". Archived from the original on 26 April 2021. Retrieved 26 April 2021.
  3. ^ a b Diário da República, 1.ª série — N.º 176 — 12 de setembro de 2013 Archived 27 April 2014 at the Wayback Machine – Assembly of the Republic (Portugal), 2013
  4. ^ a b Demographia: World Urban Areas Archived 17 May 2017 at the Wayback Machine -, 06.2021
  5. ^ Wells, John C. (21 July 2010). "Portuguese". Archived from the original on 8 April 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2012.
  6. ^ "Áreas das freguesias, concelhos, distritos e país". Archived from the original on 5 November 2018. Retrieved 5 November 2018.
  7. ^ "The World According to GaWC 2010". Globalization and World Cities Research Network. Archived from the original on 10 October 2013. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
  8. ^ "The World According to GaWC 2010". Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network, Loughborough University. Archived from the original on 10 October 2013. Retrieved 3 March 2009.
  9. ^ "Inventory of World Cities". Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) Study Group and Network. Archived from the original on 14 October 2013. Retrieved 1 December 2007.
  10. ^ "Avance del Plan Territorial Sectorial de la Red Intermodal y Logística del Transporte de la Comunidad Autónoma del País Vasco" Archived 8 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine – Eusko Jaurlaritza – Gobierno Vasco
  11. ^ "Aeroportos portugueses atingiram 51,8 milhões de passageiros em 2017". Archived from the original on 26 August 2018. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  12. ^ "Alta Velocidade em Síntese". Archived from the original on 4 October 2010. Retrieved 21 November 2010.
  13. ^ "Euromonitor Resources Page". Archived from the original on 17 February 2021. Retrieved 22 November 2020.
  14. ^ "Global Metro Monitor". 22 January 2015. Archived from the original on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
  15. ^ "Global city GDP rankings 2008–2025". Pricewaterhouse Coopers. Archived from the original on 13 May 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2009.
  16. ^ "Ranking: The richest cities in the world" Archived 23 March 2019 at the Wayback Machine – City
  17. ^ "Lisboa é 9ª cidade que mais recebe congressos internacionais" – Agência LUSA
  18. ^ Rudlin, David; Thompson, Rob; Jarvis, Sarah (2016). Urbanism. Taylor & Francis. p. 45. ISBN 978-1-317-21390-1. Archived from the original on 14 January 2023. Retrieved 14 January 2023.
  19. ^ Central Intelligence Agency (2021). The CIA World Factbook 2021-2022. Simon and Schuster. p. 3319. ISBN 978-1-5107-6382-1. Archived from the original on 14 January 2023. Retrieved 14 January 2023.
  20. ^ H. V. Livermore (1973). Portugal: A Short History. Edinburgh University Press. p. 4. ISBN 978-0-85224-207-0. Archived from the original on 7 February 2023. Retrieved 5 September 2019.