Craft brewery and microbrewery

Bergenhus microbrewery, Bergen, Norway[1]
Craft brewing at Allagash in Portland, Maine

A craft brewery or microbrewery is a brewery that produces small amounts of beer, typically less than large breweries, and is often independently owned. Such breweries are generally perceived and marketed as having an emphasis on enthusiasm, new flavors, and varied brewing techniques.[2][3][4]

The microbrewing movement began in both the United States and United Kingdom in the 1970s,[5][6] although traditional artisanal brewing existed in Europe for centuries and subsequently spread to other countries. As the movement grew, and some breweries expanded their production and distribution, the more encompassing concept of craft brewing emerged. A brewpub is a pub that brews its own beer for sale on the premises.[7]

  1. ^ Bergenhus Bryggeri. (Retrieved 16 December 2019)
  2. ^ Maria Karampela (November 7, 2019). "Craft beer is having an identity crisis, as big breweries muscle in on the market". The Conversation.
  3. ^ Alison Boteler (2009). The Gourmet's Guide to Cooking with Beer. Quarry Books. p. 15. ISBN 978-1-59253-486-9. Retrieved 21 July 2011.
  4. ^ Oliver, Garrett (2011). "Craft brewing". In Oliver, Garrett (ed.). The Oxford Companion to Beer. Oxford University Press. pp. 270–271, 585. ISBN 978-0195367133.
  5. ^ Glover, Brian (1988). "New Beer Guide". A Guide to Britain's Small Brewery Revolution. David & Charles. pp. 5–19. ISBN 0-7153-9147-X.
  6. ^ https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2018/01/craft-beer-industry/550850/
  7. ^ Oliver, Garrett (2011). "Craft brewing". In Oliver, Garrett (ed.). The Oxford Companion to Beer. Oxford University Press. pp. 270–271. ISBN 978-0195367133.